Erlotinib is a targeted therapy. Erlotinib is classified as a epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor – protein-tyrosine kinase inhibitor
What Erlotinib Is Used For?
- Treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
- Treatment of patients with locally advanced, unresectable or metastatic pancreatic cancer.
Other off label uses:
- Biliary tract cancers
- Head and neck cancers
How Erlotinib Is Given?
Erlotinib is given in tablet form to be taken by mouth at least one hour before or two hours after eating. The tablets are supplied in 25mg, 100mg and 150mg strengths.
Erlotinib has interaction with proton pump inhibitors like pantoprazole. So a gap of 2 hours is given before the drug and PPI.
Important things to remember about the side effects of erlotinib:
- Most people do not experience all of the side effects listed.
- Side effects are often predictable in terms of their onset and duration.
- Side effects are almost always reversible and will go away after treatment is complete.
- There are many options to help minimize or prevent side effects.
The following side effects are common (occurring in greater than 30%) for patients taking Erlotinib:
- Poor appetite
- Shortness of breath
- Nausea and vomiting
These side effects are less common side effects (occurring in about 10-29%) of patients receiving Erlotinib:
- Mouth sores
- Dry skin
- Eye irritation
- Abdominal pain
The following symptoms require medical attention, but are not an emergency. Contact your doctor within 24 hours of noticing any of the following:
- Nausea (interferes with ability to eat and unrelieved with prescribed medication).
- Vomiting (vomiting more than 4-5 times in a 24 hour period).
- Diarrhoea (4-6 episodes in a 24-hour period).
- Extreme fatigue (unable to carry on self-care activities).
- Mouth sores (painful redness, swelling or ulcers).
- Eye irritation.
- Unable to eat or drink for 24 hours or have signs of dehydration: tiredness, thirst, dry mouth, dark and decrease amount of urine, or dizziness.
- Before starting erlotinib treatment, make sure you tell your doctor about any other medications you are taking (including prescription, over-the-counter, vitamins, herbal remedies, etc.). Certain medications can interfere with the levels/effects of erlotinib. It is important your oncologist is aware of all medications. Do not take aspirin, or products containing aspirin unless your doctor specifically permits this.
- Do not receive any kind of immunization or vaccination without your doctor’s approval while taking erlotinib.
- Inform your health care professional if you are pregnant or may be pregnant prior to starting this treatment. Pregnancy category D (erlotinib may be hazardous to the fetus. Women who are pregnant or become pregnant must be advised of the potential hazard to the fetus.)
- For both men and women: Do not conceive a child (get pregnant) while taking erlotinib. Barrier methods of contraception, such as condoms, are recommended. Discuss with your doctor when you may safely become pregnant or conceive a child after therapy.
- Do not breast feed while taking this medication.
- Erlotinib should be taken on an empty stomach, 1 hour before or 2 hours after eating.
- Drink at least two to three quarts of fluid every 24 hours, unless you are instructed otherwise.
- You may be at risk of infection report fever or any other signs of infection immediately to your health care provider.
- To help treat/prevent mouth sores, use a soft toothbrush, and rinse three times a day with 1/2 to 1 teaspoon of baking soda and/or 1/2 to 1 teaspoon of salt mixed with 8 ounces of water.
- To reduce nausea, take anti-nausea medications as prescribed by your doctor, and eat small, frequent meals.
- Avoid sun exposure. Wear SPF 15 (or higher) sunblock and protective clothing.
- In general, drinking alcoholic beverages should be kept to a minimum or avoided completely. You should discuss this with your doctor.
- Get plenty of rest.
- Maintain good nutrition.
- If you experience symptoms or side effects, be sure to discuss them with your health care team. They can prescribe medications and/or offer other suggestions that are effective in managing such problems.